Doing this will save you a considerable amount of money when building a battery bank and it helps make alternative energy accessible to those with a tighter budget!
But that still leaves the questions…
What are the best batteries to use in your solar power, wind power, or another alternative energy system?
In this blog post, we’ll try to answer that question in a very simple and straightforward manner.
Here’s what we’ll go over:
Lead Acid-Batteries VS. Other Battery Technologies in a battery bank
Deep Cycle vs. Shallow Cycle Batteries in a battery bank
Flooded Lead-Acid Batteries (FLA) VS Sealed Lead-Acid Batteries (SLA) in a battery bank
And finally, which 3 Batteries we recommend for your residential off-grid energy system (based on the criteria we go over in this article)
Lead Acid-Batteries vs. Other Battery Technologies
Many of the batteries that are used in renewable energy systems were originally designed for other purposes. The most prominent example of this is the lead-acid battery which has dominated the industry for a long time.
Deep cycle lead-acid batteries have proven to be one of the best (and most affordable) battery types for alternative energy system battery banks for these reasons:
They’re able to withstand frequent discharging,
They’re cheaper than other kinds of batteries,
They have more rugged durability,
They deliver more consistent performance than other batteries.
The fact that they are widely produced also means that they are relatively easy to replace if a battery in your battery bank needs replacing.
It should be noted though, that as of late, lithium-ion batteries for residential alternative energy systems, like Tesla’s Powerwall, have been gaining ground – but the initial investment into lithium-ion batteries is still much more than the initial investment into lead-acid batteries.
The Powerwall may eventually change this but at the moment deep cycle lead-acid batteries are the cheapest and most practical solution for a home battery bank.
Deep Cycle vs. Shallow Cycle (Car) Batteries
Back when the renewable energy industry was still picking up steam, people that wanted to go completely off the grid would often have to improvise and make do with car batteries. However, car batteries were never built for this purpose and shouldn’t be continuously drained and recharged (which is what they need to do in a solar panel or wind turbine system).
Car batteries are supposed to be used only for starting and ignition. If you take a look inside one, you will see that they have a large number of thin plates.
These plates have a big total surface area that can facilitate a large number of chemical reactions. When you start your car, these reactions produce a sudden burst of power that is needed for ignition.
Deep cycle batteries, on the other hand, have thick lead plates that don’t give much room for chemical reactions. Though they produce less current, they are designed to do so for a much longer period of time.
In essence, car batteries are “shallow cycle” batteries that will quickly burn out when used as storage for renewable power.
Flooded Lead-Acid Batteries (FLA) VS Sealed Lead-Acid Batteries (SLA)
Before telling you what three batteries are best for alternative energy system’s battery banks, it should be made clear why flooded lead-acid batteries (FLA’s) are better for renewable energy than sealed lead-acid batteries (SLA’s).
One of the reasons that some people favor SLA’s is because they require little maintenance. Unlike FLA’s that need to be checked regularly for water level, SLA’s that are used properly can be left alone.
However, sealed lead-acid batteries have two big flaws: they are sensitive and wear out quickly. So if you’re planning on using your solar panel or wind power system every day, this will eventually pose a problem.
So, here are the categories of flooded lead-acid batteries that are best for an off-the-grid power system:
The 3 Best Batteries
So now that we know we want a lead-acid battery, that’s flooded (FLA), and also has deep cycle properties …here are our 3 favorite batteries for an off-grid system’s battery bank:
1) Golf Cart Batteries
Golf cart batteries are the most widely manufactured batteries on this list.
They also work great in an alternative energy system application. So it’s no surprise that they’re one of the most commonly used batteries in battery banks for renewable energy systems.
Even though the five to the six-year life span of golf cart batteries may seem relatively short, golf cart batteries more than makeup for their deficiency in this area by being extremely durable and cheap (you can also use these 7 tips to extend the life of golf cart batteries).
In addition, golf cart batteries can also be found almost anywhere, making them a great choice for battery banks.
If you really want to build a high quality but inexpensive battery bank one of the best options is to:
Get old or “dead” batteries from golf courses or golf cart shops for free …or dirt cheap (just call them and ask if you can have their old batteries probably lying around and cluttering their shop)
Use those reconditioned batteries in your battery bank
2) Industrial or Forklift Batteries
A battery bank that uses one or more industrial batteries follows the opposite philosophy of a golf cart battery bank. Instead of relying on multiple strings of smaller batteries, you use a few or even one battery to store all of your energy.
Because these batteries aren’t usually manufactured to standard dimensions, you will have to have one made that is just right for your needs.
Or you can try to find an old industrial or forklift battery that’s the correct size for your system and use that.
Like golf cart batteries, there are sometimes ways to get free or cheap forklift batteries.
One way is to call up or visit industrial companies and see if they have old or “dead” forklift batteries. Offer to dispose of it for them or pay them a little bit. If they agree, you can then recondition the battery and use it instead of buying a new pricey industrial battery.
But if you choose to get a new custom made battery instead, you should expect to pay quite a bit. But the good news is these types of batteries are typically built to last 15 to 20 years.
Other things to consider is:
These bigger batteries will be heavier and more difficult to move around.
There may be advancements in battery technology that could make the battery obsolete in years to come.
But if you don’t mind making a significant investment upfront (anywhere from $2,000 to $10,00) and are alright with spending time keeping your batteries in top condition, then industrial batteries might be right for you.
3) L16 Batteries
If you want batteries that have a little more capacity than golf cart batteries but don’t want to spend on industrial batteries, L16 batteries are good middle ground.
These flooded lead-acid batteries were originally designed for supermarket floor scrubbers.
The good thing with these batteries is that they last a bit longer than golf cart batteries – about six to eight years. However, they are often twice as heavy and the 6-volt models can be twice as expensive.
Different homes will have different power requirements and will need battery banks that are sized accordingly.
If you build a battery bank using any of the three batteries mentioned above, you should be able to create a battery bank that is just right for your needs.
There are some exciting new developments in the battery world for alternative energy. These new products should be entering the market over the next couple of years, like the lithium-ion Tesla Powerwall. But at this time, our three favorite batteries for residential off-grid, alternative energy systems are golf cart batteries, L16 batteries, and industrial batteries.
And if you’re interested in saving money on your battery bank, you can use the EZ Battery Reconditioning program to learn how to:
Get old or “dead” golf cart batteries, L16 batteries, or industrial batteries for free or dirt cheap
A quick note about the reviews on this site: I am an affiliate for every product I review. The vendors of these products give me them without charge in order for me to test them. However all my reviews are done as honestly as possible and I make no promises to the vendor prior to writing my review. Should you click a link on this site that takes you to a paid product this link will be an affiliate link and I will be paid a percentage of the sales price should you decide to purchase that product.