Two-thirds of scientists share results outside their circle of trusted colleagues before formally publishing them in scholarly journals, a survey of thousands of researchers reveals. But sharing trends vary markedly across fields, with social scientists and mathematicians most likely to disclose findings before publication, and computer scientists least likely.
More than 7,000 researchers responded to the survey, the first to ask scientists across disciplines about when and why they share results broadly before publication — for example at conferences or seminars, or as preprints. The respondents held faculty positions in the United States, Germany or Switzerland, and worked in nine different fields — from engineering to biological sciences. Their responses, detailed in
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